2021 was fifth warmest yr in India since 1901: IMD | India News

NEW DELHI: The yr, 2021, was the fifth warmest yr in India since nation-wide data commenced within the nation in 1901, stated India Meteorological Department (IMD) in its ‘Climate of India throughout 2021’ report. The annual compilation, launched on Friday, additionally exhibits that the nation had reported lack of 1,750 lives attributable to excessive climate occasions final yr with Maharashtra being probably the most adversely affected state reporting 350 deaths.
Lightning and thunderstorms took the very best lives – 787 – adopted by heavy rains, floods and landslides that precipitated deaths of 759 folks. Cyclones precipitated 172 deaths in several states in 2021.
On warming phenomena, the report exhibits that 11 out of 15 warmest years within the nation have been throughout the latest 15 years (2007-2021) with highest warming being noticed throughout 2016 when it was 0.71 diploma Celsius above the lengthy interval common (LPA) primarily based on 1981-2010 interval. The annual imply land floor air temperature averaged over India throughout 2021 was 0.44 diploma C above the LPA.
“The winter (January to February) and post-monsoon (October to December) seasons with all India imply temperature anomalies (actual-LPA temperature) of +0.78 diploma C and +0.42 diploma C respectively primarily contributed to this warming,” stated the Met division in its report explaining how the comparatively much less colder winter final yr primarily contributed to the general excessive imply temperature within the yr.
However, the all-India imply temperatures throughout the different two seasons corresponding to pre-monsoon (March to May) and monsoon (June to September) have been additionally “above regular” with anomalies of +0.35 diploma C and +0.34 diploma C, respectively. India’s imply floor temperature seems to be in sync with the rise within the international imply floor temperature. The 2021 annual rainfall in India was 105% of its LPA primarily based on the 1961-2010 interval.
The IMD additionally compiled the Standardised Precipitation Index -used for monitoring drought situations.

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