Times Top10: Today’s Top News Headlines and Latest News from India & throughout the World

Times Top10: Today’s Top News Headlines and Latest News from India & throughout the World


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5 THINGS FIRST

Olympics day 7: Athletics begins, PV Sindhu (badminton girls’s singles quarterfinal), Deepika Kumari (archery girls’s particular person occasion quarterfinal); PM Modi to inaugurate new medical schools in UP; Mathura court docket listening to on maintainability of Sri Krishna Janmabhumi go well with; Calcutta High Court to listen to plea on disqualification of Mukul Roy as MLA; World Day towards Trafficking in Persons

1. How pricey is Pegasus?
$61 million for Mexico

  • Mexico’s high safety official stated that two earlier administrations spent $61 million (approx Rs 452.8 crore) to purchase Pegasus spyware and adware. Mexico has acknowledged it bought the spyware and adware from Israel’s NSO Group.
  • The Public Safety Secretary stated records had been found of 31 contracts signed throughout the tenures of former Presidents Felipe Calderón (2006-2012) Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-18).
  • Some contracts could have been disguised as purchases of different tools. Many of the contracts with NSO Group have been signed with entrance corporations, usually used to facilitate kickbacks or keep away from taxes.
  • Note: Of the 50,000 telephone numbers revealed as a database of potential Pegasus targets by a number of publications, almost one-third are from Mexico, all from 2016 and 2017. Of these 400 have been recognized and verified, The Washington Post reports, and so they embody numbers of dozens of individuals near then-presidential candidate and now president Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
  • Previous estimates: In 2016, The New York Times reported, primarily based on paperwork on the NSO Group’s business proposal, set up of spyware and adware value $500,000, adopted by $650,000 for 10 iPhones or Android customers. But these have been for previous variations of Pegasus; newer variations have “zero-click” talents to infiltrate a telephone with none motion (comparable to clicking a hyperlink) by a focused consumer.

Pegasus in Parliament

  • Opposition events continued to strain the union authorities within the parliament demanding a dialogue and a court-monitored probe, at the same time as two payments have been handed in Lok Sabha with out debate.
  • Over 500 rights activists and students, together with Ayesha Kidwai, Romila Thapar and Harsh Mander, wrote an open letter to CJI N.V. Ramana urging the Supreme Court to research the stories of surveillance and declare a moratorium on the export, sale, switch and use of Pegasus spyware and adware in India.

Also: Israeli authorities inspected the offices of the NSO Group on Thursday in response to the Pegasus mission investigation into abuses of the corporate’s spyware and adware by a number of authorities shoppers.

2. The politics of quota in medical schools
2. The politics of quota in medical colleges
The Centre on Thursday introduced a reservation of 27% for Other Backward Classes (OBC) and 10% for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in medical schools throughout the nation beneath the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme — each undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs.

The nitty-gritty

  • The AIQ, which got here into being in 1986 as per the Supreme Court’s orders, permits college students from one state to check in a medical faculty of reputation in one other state primarily based on advantage, with out restrictions of domicile.
  • Under the AIQ, 15% of UG and 50% of PG seats in authorities medical schools throughout the nation are to be stuffed in by the Centre — which implies that the federal government’s resolution is relevant to those seats and never the remaining 85% UG and 50% PG seats, that are reserved for candidates for the involved state by the respective state governments.

Why the frenzy

  • The Central Education Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, which allowed 27% reservations for OBCs, got here into being in 2007 however its profit was restricted to central authorities schools and never prolonged to state medical and dental schools.
  • The resolution — simply three days after PM Narendra Modi reviewed the progress of OBC and EWS reservations in schools and only a day forward of Modi’s inauguration of 9 medical colleges in Uttar Pradesh (UP) — additionally comes simply months forward of the meeting polls in a state that has the highest population of OBCs within the nation. In reality, taken collectively for each communities — Hindus and Muslims — OBCs represent a gargantuan 54.05% of UP’s inhabitants. Of this, 41.47% are Hindu OBCs whereas 12.58% are Muslim OBCs.
  • In addition, the Centre was ‘pushed’ into taking a choice after the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) filed a contempt of court petition in Madras High Court towards the delay in implementation of the identical court docket’s order final yr directing the Centre to implement the quota from the present tutorial session. The Centre had knowledgeable the excessive court docket that it could implement the order inside every week’s time.
  • The Centre additionally claims that with 179 new medical schools opened between 2014-20, resulting in a rise of 80% and 56% in UG and PG seats respectively, 1,500 OBC plus 550 EWS college students in UG in addition to 2,500 OBC and 1,000 EWS college students in PG programs will profit.
3. 45% of India’s inhabitants OBC, exhibits main college enrolment information
3. 45% of India's population OBC, shows primary school enrolment data
  • We may not know what quantity of India’s inhabitants are OBCs with the concept of the caste census jettisoned, however the caste composition of main college college students exhibits that 45% have been OBC, 19% scheduled caste (SC), 11% scheduled tribe (ST) and the remaining — Hindu higher castes in addition to bulk of the inhabitants of different spiritual teams besides Buddhists — roughly 25% in 2019-20.
  • The United District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+), which maintains information on education, has been accumulating caste particulars of all college college students for over a decade. Since enrolment on the main degree is 100%, the caste composition of scholars in school I to V ought to broadly replicate the bigger inhabitants.
  • As age buildings of extra disadvantaged sections are barely extra skewed in direction of youthful age teams, it may overstate their shares, however not by a lot.
  • TOI analysed the UDISE+ information and located that the proportion of SC and ST college students on the main degree is kind of near their proportion in Census 2011, the variation in nearly all states being inside a few share factors. Smaller states and UTs have been excluded from this evaluation since minor variations in absolute numbers may make a big share change.
  • The Mandal fee had estimated that OBCs represent 52% of the inhabitants. Though the proportion of OBC college students is decrease than that estimate, the quota for them is clearly not proportional to their share within the inhabitants, not like for SCs and STs. Southern states have the very best proportion of OBC college students with Tamil Nadu at 71% adopted by Kerala with nearly 69%. In the north, Bihar at 61% has the very best proportion of OBCs, adopted by Uttar Pradesh with 54%.

Capture

4. Photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was executed by Taliban: Report
4. Photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was executed by Taliban: Report
  • Pulitzer Prize-winning Indian photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was not killed in a crossfire in Afghanistan however was “brutally murdered” by the Taliban after verifying his id, in response to a report printed in a US-based journal on Thursday.
  • Siddiqui, 38, was on task in Afghanistan when he died. The award-winning journalist was killed whereas overlaying clashes between Afghan troops and the Taliban in Spin Boldak district of Kandahar metropolis.
  • According to the Washington Examiner report, Siddiqui travelled with an Afghan National Army workforce to the Spin Boldak area to cowl preventing between Afghan forces and the Taliban to manage the profitable border crossing with Pakistan.
  • When they acquired to inside one-third of a mile of the customs put up, a Taliban assault break up the workforce, with the commander and some males separated from Siddiqui, who remained with three different Afghan troops.
  • During this assault, shrapnel hit Siddiqui, and so he and his workforce went to a neighborhood mosque the place he obtained first assist. As phrase unfold, nonetheless, {that a} journalist was within the mosque, the Taliban attacked. The native investigation suggests the Taliban attacked the mosque solely due to Siddiqui’s presence there, the report stated.
  • “Siddiqui was alive when the Taliban captured him. The Taliban verified Siddiqui’s id after which executed him, in addition to these with him. The commander and the rest of his workforce died as they tried to rescue him,” it stated.
  • Siddiqui received the Pulitzer Prize in 2018 as a part of the Reuters workforce for his or her protection of the Rohingya disaster. He had extensively lined the Afghanistan battle, the Hong Kong protests and different main occasions in Asia, Middle East, and Europe. More particulars here
NEWS IN CLUES
5. Which nation boasts the southernmost capital metropolis on the planet?
  • Clue 1: It was the primary nation to grant nationwide voting rights to girls.
  • Clue 2: The first European customer to the nation, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, named the islands Staten Landt.
  • Clue 3: Edmund Hillary, who together with Tenzing Norgay grew to become the primary climbers to summit Mt Everest, was born on this nation.

Scroll beneath for reply

6. Murder case filed in Dhanbad choose loss of life, 2 arrested
6. Murder case filed in Dhanbad judge death, 2 arrested
The accident-murder

  • A day after the loss of life of a further district choose in an obvious highway accident whereas on his morning stroll in Dhanbad, Jharkhand police on Thursday lodged a case of homicide and arrested two individuals. The police, following orders of the Jharkhand excessive court docket, additionally fashioned a particular investigation workforce (SIT) to probe the incident.
  • CCTV footage of the incident, which later went viral, confirmed that Uttam Anand had come out of his Judges’ Colony house for a stroll round 5am on Wednesday. Minutes later, an auto-rickshaw sped up from behind and ran over him. A passer-by took the injured ADJ to hospital, the place he was declared “introduced useless.”
  • In Ranchi, the Jharkhand excessive court docket on Thursday pulled up the state authorities over the delay in submitting of the FIR and stated that the incident and the alleged homicide of an advocate within the Tamar space of Ranchi not too long ago are a direct assault on the “justice dispensation system.”

The political connection

  • Four days earlier, the choose had reportedly rejected the bail petition of Ravi Thakur, lodged in Dhanbad jail on expenses of demanding extortion cash and hurling a bomb on the home of 1 Rajesh Gupta, a detailed affiliate of Baghmara MLA Dhullu Mahto. Ravi Thakur is alleged to be a protégé of UP gangster Aman Singh, who’s at the moment lodged in Hotwar jail Ranchi.
  • Besides, Anand was additionally dealing with the homicide case of 1 Ranjay Singh, the trial of which was more likely to begin quickly. Ranjay Singh was a detailed affiliate of Sanjeev Singh, former Jharia MLA and son of a former Dhanbad strongman. Sanjeev can be languishing in jail since 2017 within the homicide of Neeraj Singh, who was his cousin.
  • Neeraj Singh’s spouse Purnima Singh contested from the Jharia meeting seat on a Congress ticket and defeated Ragini Singh, spouse of Sanjeev Singh.
7. The Indian march to the Olympic quarterfinals
7. The Indian march to the Olympic quarterfinals
  • Hockey: The males’s workforce stormed into the quarterfinals with a complete 3-1 victory over defending champions Argentina, scoring two objectives within the closing two minutes of their penultimate Pool A match.
  • Badminton: PV Sindhu entered the ladies’s singles quarters with a snug straight units (21-15, 21-13) win over Denmark’s Mia Blichfeldt. She will face Japan’s Akane Yamaguchi of their final 8 conflict right this moment.
  • Boxing: Uttar Pradesh’s Satish Kumar beat Jamaican Ricardo Brown by a 4-1 break up resolution of their males’s super-heavyweight (91 kg) pre-quarterfinal. To guarantee himself of a medal, he must overcome Uzbek world champion Bakhodir Jalalov subsequent.
  • However, in probably her final Olympics look, Mary Kom lost heartbreakingly to Colombia’s Ingrit Lorena Victoria Valencia within the girls’s 51 kg pre-quarterfinal by a 3-2 break up resolution.
  • Archery: Atanu Das stored India’s medal hopes in archery alive by beautiful two-time Olympic champion Oh Jin-Hyek of South Korea 6-5 and advancing to the Round of 16 within the males’s particular person occasion.
  • Shooting: Manu Bhaker and Rahi Sarnobat completed fifth and twenty fifth, respectively, within the first qualification stage of the 25 m pistol girls’s qualification precision. The second, fast stage is right this moment.
  • Golf: Anirban Lahiri was tied eighth on the finish of the primary of 4 rounds after a powerful 4-under 67, whereas Udayan Mane was sixtieth.
  • Rowing: Arjun Lal and Arvind Singh completed eleventh within the light-weight males’s sculls closing B — India’s highest ever end within the occasion.
  • Swimming: Sajan Prakash completed forty sixth general (second in his warmth) within the Men’s 100m butterfly warmth.
  • Sailing: KC Ganapathy and Varun Thakkar completed seventh in race 6 (out of 12) within the males’s skiff 49er. They are at the moment seventeenth out of 19 groups. Vishnu Saravanan completed twenty third in race 8 (out of 10) within the males’s one individual dinghy laser (twenty third general). In the ladies’s one individual dinghy laser radial, Nethra Kumanan completed twentieth in race 8 (thirty first general).

All updates here

8. Biles wasn’t prepared. Sunisa Lee was
8. Biles wasn’t ready. Sunisa Lee was
Lee rises

  • The coveted particular person all-around gold in girls’s gymnastics went to an American, simply not the one everybody anticipated within the run-up to the Games.
  • As Simone Biles cheered from the stands, having withdrawn from the occasion citing psychological well being, Sunisa Lee, age 18, stepped as much as clinch the gold with a complete rating of 57.433, securing the title for the US for a fifth consecutive Games. Lee is the first Hmong-American to win an Olympic medal.
  • Brazilian Rebeca Andrade, who was in competition for the gold till the final rotation, made historical past of her personal by taking the silver, the nation’s first-ever medal in girls’s gymnastics. Russian Olympic Committee’s Angelina Melnikova took the bronze.

A race for the ages

  • Chinese girls won the gold (7:40.33), the Americans the silver medal and bookies’ favourites Australians the bronze within the 4x200m freestyle swimming whereby all of the three groups surpassed the previous world document mark.
  • Australia, with at least 200m and 400m champion Ariarne Titmus within the opening leg, was tipped to win the gold. But China took the lead early, and American Katie Ledecky powered by way of the final lap to push Australia to 3rd place.

yufei1

Chinese star

  • The 4x200m relay gold was the second of the day for 23-year-old Chinese sensation Zhang Yufei, who earlier within the day received the ladies’s 200-metre butterfly in an Olympic-record time, ending greater than a physique size forward of two Americans Regan Smith and Hali Flickinger.

Fastest man within the pool

  • American Caeleb Dressel received the blue riband males’s 100m freestyle in an Olympic document 47.02, ending six-hundredths of a second forward of Rio winner Kyle Chalmers of Australia, with Russian Kliment Kolesnikov taking bronze.

Japanese gold rush

  • Aaron Wolf and Shori Hamada grabbed gold medals within the males’s 100 kg and ladies’s 78 kg classes respectively to take Japan’s tally in judo to eight golds, matching their document haul from Athens 2004.
9. Delhi meeting adopts decision towards new police chief
9. Delhi assembly adopts resolution against new police chief
  • Delhi legislative meeting Thursday adopted a decision objecting to the appointment of former CBI particular director Rakesh Asthana as the brand new Commissioner of police for Delhi. The Delhi Police stories to the Union Home Ministry. Asthana was the Director-General of the Border Security Force, with a further put up as Director-General of the Narcotics Control Bureau.
  • The decision moved by the Aam Aadmi Party stated there are “cheap apprehensions” that Asthana will probably be used to “create a reign of terror” towards the celebration. The decision requested the Delhi state authorities to induce the union authorities to withdraw the order appointing Asthana and provoke the method to seek out one other choose.
  • Asthana, who was named because the Delhi commissioner late Wednesday, was to retire on July 31. But the union authorities prolonged his service for an additional yr. Congress has stated this violates Supreme Court directive.
  • A Gujarat cadre IPS officer (1984 batch), Asthana made headlines in 2018 for clashing with then CBI director Alok Verma. Verma registered an FIR accusing Asthana of extorting cash from the businessman; Asthana, in flip, accused Verma of corruption and attempting to falsely implicate him. The Centre despatched each on obligatory go away. Asthana was later cleared of expenses; he grew to become the Director-General of Civil Aviation Security in January 2019 earlier than being appointed the BSF head in August 2020.
Answer to NEWS IN CLUES
Untitled (94)

New Zealand. The nation is finest positioned to outlive a worldwide collapse of society, per a study by the Global Sustainability Institute at Anglia Ruskin University. It prompt a mix of ecological destruction, restricted assets and inhabitants development may set off a worldwide breakdown “inside few a long time”, with local weather change making issues worse. (New Zealand’s capital Wellington is positioned on the latitude 41.28°S.)

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Written by: Rakesh Rai, Judhajit Basu, Sumil Sudhakaran, Tejeesh N.S. Behl
Research: Rajesh Sharma



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